Cholesterol – Cholesterol standard
What are the standard cholesterol? Contrary to appearances, the level of “good” cholesterol should not be any. Check how cholesterol is optimal, and when it begins to be risky and what follows.
Without cholesterol synthesis of vitamins and hormones in the body would be impossible. This organic compound is an essential for a man, but like all good things – in excess is harmful. Typically, cholesterol is present in the form of free and esterified chain fatty acids.
Too low or too high levels of cholesterol in the blood leads to serious cardiovascular disorders. Therefore, during the test should be marked “good” HDL cholesterol and “bad” LDL (read more about the good and bad cholesterol). It is recognized two basic standards and cholesterol levels for men and women:
HDL cholesterol standard ( “good”) cholesterol – the higher values are better result
Standard males 35-70 mg / dl (0,9-1,8 mmol / l)
Standard women 40-80 mg / dl (1,0-2,1 mmol / l)
LDL cholesterol standard ( “bad”) cholesterol – lower values are better result
Norm: <135 mg / dl (<3.5 mmol / l)
Elevated level: 135-155 mg / dl (3.5-4.0 mmol / l)
Significantly elevated level:> 155 mg / dL (> 4.0 mmol / l).
If standards have been greatly exceeded, the cardiovascular system is severely compromised. It begins with the reduction of the holes in the coronary arteries, which is simply atherosclerosis. It should be immediately begin to heal, because the treatment is not implemented, it may end up heart attack or stroke. Elevated levels of cholesterol affects alcohol abuse, smoking and low physical activity. Trouble causes but also for the low levels of cholesterol. It may mean hyperthyroidism, liver disease, malabsorption and malnutrition foods.
Thanks to the standards of cholesterol and risk factors (family history, age, smoking, higher blood pressure), doctors can assess the risk of heart disease. In order to examine the concentration of total cholesterol, HDL, LDL and triglyceride levels. During the test, total cholesterol is desired value below 200 mg / dL (5.17 mmol / L). The level is considered elevated to 200 – 239 mg / dL (5.17 – 6.18 mmol / L), and 240 mg / dL (6.21 mmol / L) and above the already high risk of heart disease.
However, you should also check the fractions of HDL and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. You can check the actual quality of the fat that is sweeping our blood. Look to be even HDL, which is considered to be this good, which drains the excess cholesterol to the liver where it is broken down. As the highest level of HDL is considered to be healthy and effective in protecting against heart disease. LDL cholesterol in turn is worse. Lipoproteins circulating between the liver and other organs and tissues, transport cholesterol where it is needed. Often, unfortunately, the excess, which causes heart disease. By elevated levels is considered to value: 135-155 mg / dl (3.5-4.0 mmol / l) and increased significantly:> 155 mg / dL (> 4.0 mmol / l).
It is also important triglyceride levels. Less than 150mg / dL (1.69mmol / L) is the norm, while the level limit is 150 – 199 mg / dL (1.69 – 2.25 mmol / L). If we have 200 – 499 mg / dL (2.26 – 5.63 mmol / L) level is already high, and very high if it is above 500 mg / dL (5.64 mmol / L).
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